Fortress Naryn-Kala in Derbent

Naryn-Kala is a famous ancient Derbent fortress, which turned the city into a "Closed Gate". Its double walls, which sloped down to the Caspian itself

Fortress Naryn-Kala in Derbent

Fortress Naryn-Kala in Derbent
Fortress Naryn-Kala in Derbent 


Naryn-Kala is a famous ancient Derbent fortress, which turned the city into a "Closed Gate". Its double walls, which sloped down to the Caspian itself, allowed full control of the narrow coastal passage from the sea to the south, to Persia. On three sides, the fortress was defended by steep mountain cliffs, and towers were built in the walls at a distance of about 25 m from each other. Naryn-Kala, together with Dag-Bary wall, today remain one of the largest defensive structures in the world and are included in the UNESCO world Heritage List. Kislovodsk Resort Park in Kislovodsk

The territory of the fortress was about 4.5 hectares. Inside there were structures necessary to withstand a siege: in particular, a voluminous reservoir for drinking water (6th century), mostly going underground. In the event of a siege, the defenders could have enough water for six months. True, the fortress was never considered "unconquerable": several times if fell under the onslaught of the besiegers. The western gates of Naryn-Kala were called the "Gates of Shame": dishonest commanders fled from the fortress through them when luck turned away from the defenders.

The Russian took the fortress in 1796,during the war with Persia. 

In addition, several even more interesting and older ruins can be found here. For example, the remains of a Christian Church of the 4th century, which was then converted into a Zoroastrian sanctuary, and then into a mosque. This church is considered the first Christian temple in the country. The ruins of the Khan's office of the 18th century, which is now occupied by the Museum "Ancient Derbent". And also - a guardhouse built in 1828, where an art gallery with an exposition dedicated to the history of the city was opened.

Of the building materials that went up Naryn-Kala and Dag-Bary, seven pyramids of Cheops can be erected. Castle of Deceit and Love in Kislovodsk

The fortress is also considered absolutely Must-see because of the stunning view of the city and its surroundings, which opens from here.

The Dag-Bara wall was originally built around the 6th century, and in some sources it was called the "Great Caucasian Wall" - which is quite understandable and corresponds to the truth. A monumental structure 42 km long stretched through groves and hills and went into the mountains, it was impossible to get around it. The wall, like its Chinese friend, saved the inhabitants of Western Asia from the Raids of nomadic tribes, but already in the Middle Ages lost its significance. Less than a third of the original structure has survived today.

Now Naryn-Kala is part of the Derbent State Historical, Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve.

Practical information

The fortress is located in the western part of the city and is clearly visible from afar. You can climb to it along a long staircase on foot or drive up to the main gate by car (public transport does not go here).

Entrance: 250 RUB.

Prices on the page are for April 2021. 



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Russian Nationality: Fortress Naryn-Kala in Derbent
Fortress Naryn-Kala in Derbent
Naryn-Kala is a famous ancient Derbent fortress, which turned the city into a "Closed Gate". Its double walls, which sloped down to the Caspian itself
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