Alexander Palace in Pushkin

Alexander Palace in Pushkin

Alexander Palace in Pushkin
Alexander Palace in Pushkin 

If the luxurious Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo was created for pompous receptions, then its simpler neighbor was destined for life. The future family residence of the Romanovs was erected under Catherine II. In 1796 the palace became a worthy wedding present to the tsarina's grandson Alexander Pavlovich. During his visits to Tsarskoye Selo, he himself liked to live in Bolshoy Tsarskoye Selo, but his younger brother and successor Nicholas I preferred the Alexander Palace and was happy to be engaged in its improvement. On the left side of the building were the living rooms of his grandson Alexander Alexandrovich, however, after becoming king, Alexander III chose the Gatchina Palace as his residence. The Alexander Palace became a real family nest for Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra Feodorovna. From there, the Romanovs went into exile, from which they never returned. Amber Museum in Kaliningrad

In 1918, the palace turned into a museum, then the building was converted into a rest house for representatives of the NKVD, on the second floor there was an orphanage, during the occupation there was a German headquarters and the Gestapo with prison cells in the basements. After the war, the premises of the palace were given to the Institute of Russian Literature, and then to the Military Department. Now the Alexander Palace is again serving as a museum.

Features of the architecture

The two-story building seems rather simple, especially when compared to its closest neighbor, the Catherine Palace. Despite this, the Alexander Palace is recognized as one of the outstanding examples of classicism architecture. The author of the project was the famous Giacomo Quarnegi, the building was erected under the supervision of the architect Peter Neelov. On both sides of the palace there are double wings - formerly there were living quarters. The main facade is decorated with a luxurious through colonnade - the halls of the ceremonial suite were located in the center. Part of the building is complemented by a semi-rotunda with a sphere-shaped dome.

Halls and interiors

The same Kvarnegi worked on the furnishings of the Alexander Palace, and with him a dozen eminent artists, modelers and decorators. The interiors of the residence were in accordance with the classical canons. Today they are actively recovering.

Three halls of the front part of the residence have been reconstructed: the Marble Living Room, decorated with a gilded set, mirrors and a tiger skin, the Semicircular Hall, where at the beginning of the last century a Christmas tree was lit every year, and the Portrait Hall with images of members of the imperial dynasty. At the end of the suite there are the Emperor's Reception Room, sheathed in oak, and his State Office.

The living rooms of the imperial family were located in the eastern wing. The Corner Drawing Room, which belonged to Alexandra Feodorovna, the Lilac Study, the Maple Drawing Room of the Empress and her bedroom have been restored. The decoration of some rooms was completely lost, only archival photographs of the interiors remained. Museum of the World Ocean in Kaliningrad

The toys of the Tsarevich, porcelain dolls that belonged to the Grand Duchesses, their dresses, accessories and even a form with the schedule of classes have been preserved in the children's rooms.

The surviving ash cabinet contains the wardrobe items of the last monarch. The halls display the personal belongings of the king, his wife, daughters and son. The toys of the Tsarevich, the interior items of his room, porcelain dolls that belonged to the Grand Duchesses, their dresses, accessories and even a form with the schedule of classes have been preserved in the nursery.

The expositions presented in the halls of the Alexander Palace are incredibly rich in amazing and touching details. Everything has been done so that every guest of the museum could not only get to know the family of the last Russian tsar better, but also for a short while feel like a part of it.

Practical information

Address: Pushkin, st.  Sadovaya, 7.

Phones: +7 (812) 465-20-24 (answering machine), +7 (812) 415-76-67, +7 (812) 415-76-68 (information center).

The Tsarskoe Selo Museum-Reserve is located 25 km south of St. Petersburg. An electric train runs from the Vitebsk railway station of the Northern capital to the Tsarskoe Selo station. Then you need to change to bus # 371, 382 or minibus # 371, 377, 382.

Several minibuses follow from the Moskovskaya metro station to the Tsarskoye Selo museum-reserve: №№ 286, 287, 342, 347 and 545. From the Zvezdnaya or Kupchino metro stations, bus № 186 will take you directly to the reserve museum. In addition, minibuses No. K-286, K-287, K-347a and K-545a run from the Kupchino metro station.

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