Khan's Palace in Bakhchisarai

Khan's Palace in Bakhchisarai

Khan's Palace in Bakhchisarai
Khan's Palace in Bakhchisarai 


The beautiful Khan's Palace of Bakhchisarai, the legendary "garden city", aroused the admiration of everyone who has ever been here. Great poets, writers, musicians, and monarchs wrote enthusiastic lines about him. This Palace serves as an amazing and, undoubtedly, a unique example of the Crimean Tatar architecture. A real city within a city: with mosques, baths, mausoleums, richly decorated, painted and decorated with great care and art. When this new Khan's residence was being built, the project was based on the idea of embodying Islamic ideas about paradise booths, and each subsequent ruler added something of his own. Getting to the territory of the Khan's palace, you find yourself in the amazing and mysterious atmosphere of the East.

The construction of this amazing Palace began in the 16th century, during the region of Khan Sahib I Girey. Previously, the residence of the Crimean Khans was located in a different place, but the court grew, expanded, and as a result, the ruler himself, nobles, numerous servants and guards became cramped. Then there was a decision to build a new Palace, which today we are happy to observe. The oldest buildings of the complex are the Great Khan Mosque and the Sary-Guzel Baths, erected in 1532. Strictly speaking, there is also an older building here - this is a portal called Demir-Kapy (1508), however, it is worth noting that it was built in elsewhere, and here it was moved a little later. Armenian Church in Yalta

With each subsequent Kahn, something new appeared in the palace, each ruler wanted to invest something here as a keepsake for grateful descendants. During the war between Russia and the Crimean Khanate, when the capital was taken by the troops of Field Marshal Minich, the palace was destroyed, but Captain Manstein was instructed to make a description of the palace, which he compiled. Thanks to this, the palace was restored. 

In May 1787 Bakhchisarai was visited by Catherine the second, for the arrival of which large-scale restoration work was carried out, the so-called "Catherine Mile" was erected. Together with the emprss, there were representatives of other leading European powers: the emperor of Austria Joisif II, the ambassadors of France, Austria and England.

Great poets, writers, musicians, and monarchs wrote enthusiastic lines about him. This Palace serves as an amazing and, undoubtedly, a unique example of the Crimean Tatar architecture. 

In 1818, the "Catherine's Mile" was decorated with an inscription in Russian and Tatar: "Emprss Catherine II deigned to be in Noble memory in Bakchisarak in 1787 May 14". Later, other representatives of the August family also visited the Bakhchisarai Palace, for example, the emperors Alexander I, Alexander II, Nicholas II and many other famous people: the poets Pushkin and Zhukovsky, the hero of the Patriotic War, General Raecsky. In the difficult years of the Crimean campaign, when an infirmary was located in the magnificent walls of the palace, the great surgeon Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov operated here.

Khan-Jami

The Khan's palace can be safely called "a city within a city", it is so vast and there are so many different sights here. However, let's try to focus on the most noticeable ones. It is impossible not to mention the oldest building of the palace, the so-called Great Khan Mosque or Khan-Jami. The mosque is a rectangle: it has two tiers, and the hipped roof is covered with tiles. The mosque, like many other architectural landmarks of the palace, was built in the Ottoman style and could easily be found on the streets of Istanbul, for example.

From the outside, the mosque looks squat, especially in contrast to the two towering minarets. Inside, attention is immediately drawn to the Khan's box, richly decorated, skillfully painted and has its own separate entrance. An old cemetery is directly adjacent to the mosque, the oldest burial of which is dated 1592. Adzhimushkay Quarries in Kerch

Sary-Guzel

Another oldest building of the palace, erected in 1532, is a bath building called Sary-Guzel, which means "Yellow Beauty" in Russian. The building, however, with its massive power rather resembles not a beauty, but a Tatar hero. These baths are built according to the Byzantine type. They served not only for ablution, but also for rest and entertainment. The fact that there are no windows gives a colorful look, the light enters here exclusively through special holes in the dome. These holes are worked in the form of stars and crescents. Surprisingly, this ancient bathhouse functioned until the 1920s.

Aleviz Portal

Another, the oldest building of the palace is the Portal of Aleviz, according to legend, created by an Italian named Aleviz New. This portal dates back to 1508. Earlier, it adorned the old Khan's residence in Ashlama-Dere.

Fountains of the Bakhchisarai Palace

In the Bakhchisaray Palace, two Fountains gush at once: one of them is gor2, pompous, with complex floral ornaments and gilding, it is called the "Golden Fountain". But a completely different, more modest one, called the "Fountain of Tears", gained much more popularity. It was not by chance that he received this name: a water source was built during the region has a romantic and sad halo.

Coordinates

Address: st., River 133, Bakhchisarai.

The expositions are open for visits in winter until 17:00, in summer - until 18:00, it is better to check in advance. The central ticket office is open from 09:00. The cost of visiting the historical and ethnographic exposition of the palace and park ensemble of the Khan Palace for adults is 300 RUB.


Previous Post Next Post